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Test ID: LCADP Adenovirus, Molecular Detection, PCR, Plasma

Reporting Name

Adenovirus PCR, P

Useful For

Aiding in diagnosing adenovirus infections using plasma specimens

Clinical Information

Human adenoviruses cause a variety of diseases including pneumonia, cystitis, conjunctivitis, diarrhea, hepatitis, myocarditis, and encephalitis. In humans, adenoviruses have been recovered from almost every organ system. Infections can occur at any time of the year and in all age groups. Currently, there are 51 adenovirus serotypes that have been grouped into 6 separate subgenera.


Culture is the gold standard for the diagnosis for adenovirus infection; however, it can take up to 3 weeks to achieve culture results. Mayo's shell vial culture provides more rapid results, reported at 2 and 5 days. While PCR offers a rapid, specific, and sensitive means of diagnosis by detecting adenovirus DNA.


A positive result indicates the presence of adenovirus nucleic acid.


A negative result does not rule out the presence of adenoviruses because organisms may be present at levels below the detection limits of this assay.

Report Available

2 to 5 days

Day(s) Performed

Monday, Wednesday, Friday

Clinical Reference

1. Buckwalter SP, Teo R, Espy MJ, et al: Real-time qualitative PCR for 57 human adenovirus types from multiple specimen sources. J Clin Microbiol2011;50(3):766-771 doi:10.1128/jcm.05629-11

2. Ebner K, Pinsker W, Lion T: Comparative sequence analysis of the hexon gene in the entire spectrum of human adenovirus serotypes: phylogenetic, taxonomic, and clinical implications. J Virol 2005;79:12635-12642

3. Ebner K, Suda M, Watzinger F, Lion T: Molecular detection and quantitative analysis of the entire spectrum of human adenoviruses by a two-reaction real-time PCR assay. J Clin Microbiol 2005;43:3049-3053

4. Jothikumar N, Cromeans TL, Hill VR, et al: Quantitative real-time PCR assays for the detection of human adenoviruses and identification of serotypes 40 and 41. Appl Environ Microbiol 2005;71:3131-3136

5. Robinson C, Echavarria M: Adenovirus. In Manual of Clinical Microbiology. Edited by PR Murray, EJ Baron, JH, et al: Washington, DC, ASM Press, 2007, pp 1589-1600

6. Thavagnanam S, Christie SN, Doherty GM, et al: Respiratory viral infection in lower airways of asymptomatic children. Acta Paediatr 2010 Mar;99(3):394-398

7. Kaneko H, Maruko I, Iida T, et al: The possibility of human adenovirus detection in the conjunctiva in asymptomatic cases during a nosocomial infection. Cornea 2008 Jun;27(5):527-530

Method Name

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)/DNA Probe Hybridization

Specimen Type

Plasma EDTA

Specimen Required

Collection Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA)

Submission Container/Tube: Screw-capped, sterile container

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions: Spin down promptly.

Specimen Minimum Volume

0.3 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma EDTA Refrigerated (preferred) 7 days
  Frozen  7 days

Reference Values


Test Classification

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information


LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
LCADP Adenovirus PCR, P 21055-9


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
56088 Adenovirus PCR, P 21055-9


If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Microbiology Test Request (T244) with the specimen.

Mayo Clinic Laboratories | Microbiology and Infectious Disease Catalog Additional Information:

mml-respiratoryinfections, mml-giinfections